PSY502 Handouts pdf download | History & Systems of Psychology Notes (pdf)

PSY502: History & Systems of Psychology Handouts (PDF )

The objectives of this course are to introduce students to the developmental history of psychology, to prepare students to enjoy and use the most advanced psychological materials, and to provide the most basic and up-to-date information related to psychology. PSY502 Handouts pdf

PSY502 Handouts pdf

Course Category: Psychology PSY502 Handouts pdf

Course Outline

Introduction, Ancient Philosophy/Psychology in the Sub Continent, Greek Thinkers, Psychology in the 5th to 12thCentury, Renaissance Associationists, Associationists & French Revolution, German Contribution, Industrial Revolution & Russian Contribution, Russian Contribution, Impact of physical sciences on Psychology, Structuralist School of Psychology, Functionalism, European Functionalists, Behaviorism, Neo Behaviorists,, Gestalt Psychology & Dynamic Psychology,

Historico evolutionary Psychology, Scientific look at Mental Disorders, Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalytic Movement, Carl Yung and Analytical Psychology, Alfred Adler and Individual Psychology, Neo Freudians, Humanistic Psychology, Modern trends in Psychological Treatment, Anti-psychiatry Movement, Psychology in the Third World, Psychology in China and Pakistan, Psychology in the 21st Century.  PSY502 Handouts pdf

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PSY502 Handouts pdf download
PSY502 Handouts pdf download


PSY502: History & Systems of Psychology

Ancient Philosophy

Psychology can be defined as ―the study of the mind and body. The ancients regarded the “soul” as an invisible and abiding person. He had his own explanations for soul and body behavior. For example, the soul is released from the body during sleep. The escaped soul then performed a certain deed in the form of a dream. In addition, dream activity, fainting, epilepsy, and psychological and physical discomfort were also viewed as manifestations of the soul.

The ancient man also believed in what is called animism. Animism is the process of seeing human attributes in inanimate objects such as the moon, stars, rocks, etc. He makes those things personal so as to make them easier to understand. An ancient man strongly believed in the occult and sought to learn and practice magic which was his way of controlling the things around him.

Psychology in the Sub-Continent

The ancient Indo-Pak history of psychology was such that magic was also important. Magic, as mentioned earlier, was used to control others and nature. It can be used for bad or good intentions. The ancient man also enjoyed a variety of exercises and activities to keep his body in shape. Yoga was one such exercise that included controlling the spirit and contrasting posture. One of the beliefs of yoga was that body and soul are intertwined and intertwined and that these influences affect both body and soul.

The ancient philosophy or psychology of the small continent developed the belief that consciousness is related to the brain. For example, the ancient Europeans, and the Greeks, considered knowledge to be the work of the human heart. According to the sub-continentals, Atma or the human soul was a pure person. Moreover, the world around us was a delusion or a ruse made up of us our senses. Some others believed that consciousness and intellect were the products of material development. These two beliefs are called Idealism and Materialism today. The ancient Greek philosophy had much in common with the subcontinental ideas.

Ancient Greek Philosophy / Psychology

The ancient Greek philosophers/psychologists considered the three elements to be the basic ingredients of the unifying force. The three elements were:

  • Water
  • The wind
  • And fire

Ancient Greek philosophers also adopted the idea that conflict is a permanent phenomenon in the world and therefore a constant flow of the world. This means that in each case, there is a definite explanation for the practice. Thus, the contradiction of meaning emerges which leads to further investigation as well as continuous and contradictory events. If this process continues for a long time, we find the earth constantly flowing.


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PSY502: History & Systems of Psychology Notes (pdf)