Table of Contents
PSY405: Personality Psychology
Personality psychology is one of the largest and most well-known branches of psychology. Professionals studying the science of personality want to understand how personality develops and how it affects the way we think and act. PSY405 Handouts pdf
PSY405 Handouts pdf
Course Category: Psychology PSY405 Handouts pdf
The nature of personality theory, Personality measurement, Main perspectives, Sigmund Freud: a psychoanalytic theory of personality., Theory of Carl Jung (analytical psychology), Alfred Adler (individual psychology), Karen Horney, Erik Eriksson, Sullivan’s interpersonal Theory, Constitutional psychology, Sheldon’s somatotype theory, Maslow’s theory, Rogers person-centered approach, Kelly’s cognitive theory of personality theory, Gordon Allport: a trait theory of personality, Factor analytic trait theory by Raymond Cattell, Henry Murray’s personology, Albert Bandura’s social learning theory, The stimulus-response theory of Dollard and Miller, Skinner’s theory of personality, Albert Ellis theory of personality, The grand perfect theory of personality, Perspectives or domains of personality psychology, Personality appraisal, Personality psychology: new directions in the discipline. PSY405 Handouts pdf
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PSY405: Personality Psychology
What makes personality psychology a science?
The process of transforming speculations or ideas or beliefs about human nature into ideas that can be considered and evaluated dynamically is a risk-taking process; indeed, efforts to establish “human science”. It may seem interesting to try to understand the causes of our behavior and our development.
Psychologists are opposed to indirect personality traits in the field of psychology, because they undermine human uniqueness and complexity, focusing on human qualities such as literature, art, history, and religion that may provide important insights into human behavior.
The second goal of human psychology is to help people live their lives more fully and satisfactorily by finding ways to develop healthier growth patterns. These efforts include new forms of psychotherapy, a variety of specialized learning programs, and changes in the mental field aimed at allowing people to fully develop.
Theories of Personality
Different approaches to the constellations of fixed concepts are called human theories. Each theory is about human nature and the goal of each theory is to understand the diversity and complexity of the whole person working in the real world. Theory refers to an unfounded theory or speculation about facts that are not really known but where the theory has convincing data or evidence that is true.
What is the purpose of personality theories?
Human ideas represent detailed speculations or hypotheses about why people behave the way they do and perform the following tasks.
1. Human theory defines. In other words, the theory provides a logical framework (i.e. type of map) to simplify and integrate all known information into a related set of events. For example, without the help of theory, it would be extremely difficult to explain why a 5-year-old boy is attracted to his mother and to the negative hatred of his father. Armed with a theory that puts all of these feelings at a certain stage of human development (and the reason for their emergence), at least we will be consistent in making sense of these feelings in children. Thus, the theory of good manners provides a logical context in which human behavior can be defined and interpreted consistently.
2. Theory should not only describe past and present events but also foretell the future. The second function of human theory is therefore to provide a basis for predicting future events and consequences.