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PSY402: Experimental Psychology Handouts (PDF)
A psychologist who is interested in understanding the causes of behavior, feelings, and perceptions is an important topic, as our behavior is a great reflection of how we react and interpret motives from the world around us. PSY402 Handouts pdf
Indeed, questions arise from what processes enable us to see and hear, depending on how we know sugar or lemon is delicious, and how we separate one person from another they all fall into the realm of hearing and seeing.
Course Category: Psychology PSY402Handouts pdf
Historical Roots Of Experimental Psychology, Sensation and Perception, Hearing And The Other Senses, Perception, Psychophysics, Learning, Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning, Memory, Forgetting, Reasoning And Problem Solving, Thinking Experimental Research, PSY402 Handouts pdf
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Historical Roots Of Experimental Psychology
Prior to the introduction of formal psychotherapy, philosophers conducted studies that led to the first contribution of the mind. They investigate basic psychological processes. In 350 B.C., Aristotle and Plato wrote interesting ideas about memory, vision, etc. By 1880, however, there were no professors of psychology, no degree programs in psychology, and very few Ph.D. in the world working in the field we have. today called psychology.
According to the accepted theory (Boring, 1950), the science of psychology originated in Germany as biological psychology born into a marriage between psychological philosophy, on the one hand, and experimental science that emerged within sensory physiology on the other. Philosophical Psychology, dealing with the epistemological problem of the cognitive nature in world relations as it is known, contributed to basic questions and explanatory structures; sensor physiology and to some extent physics has provided experimental methods and a growing body of phenomenological facts.
Until the middle of the 19th century, psychology was widely regarded as a branch of philosophy. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), for example, famously declared in his book Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (1786) that scientific psychology “speaks well” (a phrase where many are buried) is impossible. He then went on to produce the most modern visual aids such as experimental science (if not “properly”) and Experimental Psychology – PSY402 VU psychology in his Anthropology Kant, who denied that psychology could be experimental science for two reasons.
Ibn Al-Haytham was the first to explore theories on the subject of convincing research, developing a method of modern science more than two centuries before European scholars learned — by reading his books. According to most historians, Al-Haytham was the founder of the modern scientific method. Through his book, he changed the meaning of the word optics and instituted experiments as a common testimony in the field.
His inquiries are not based on abstract ideas, but on experimental evidence and his experiments were systematic and repetitive. Rushdy Rashed wrote the following to Ibn Al-Haytham: “His work of vision, which combines the theory of theory with the theory of light, is regarded by many as his most important contribution, setting the stage for development until the 17th century. His contribution to geometry and numerical theory transcends Archimedean culture.
He taught anatomy and physiology at the University of Leipzig. His work in the physiology of the sensory organs. He worked on the skin and muscles. At first, he was not interested in psychology but his work contributed greatly to the practice of psychology. PSY402 Handouts pdf download