Table of Contents
PAK301: Pakistan Studies
Ideology is a collection of beliefs, values, and ideas of a group and a nation. It is based on social awareness. It is a set of principles, a framework for action, and a plan of action that provides order and purpose in one’s life and actions. PAK301 Handouts pdf
PAK301 Handouts pdf
Course Category: Humanities Distribution PAK301 Handouts pdf
The ideology of Pakistan, Ideology of Pakistan in the Light of Statements of QUAID-I-AZAM and ALLAMA IQBAL, The Aligarh Movement, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, and His Contributions, MAJOR POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS 1857-1918, The Khilafat Movement, Muslim Politics in British India: 1924-1935, ALLAMA IQBAL’s Presidential Address December 1930, Muslim Politics and Chaudhry Rahmat Ali, The Congress Ministries– Policies towards Muslims, The Lahore Resolution, 1940, Major Political Developments in 1945-46,
Towards Independence, 1947, Constitutional Development in British India, The Problems of the New State, The Objectives Resolution (1949), Constitutional Issues, Constitution Making (1947-56), Constitution Making (1947-56), The 1962 Constitution, The 1973 Constitution, Political History (1972-71), Political History (1972-2003), Geography, Land, Boundaries and Neighborhoods, Natural Resources, Agriculture, Industrial Development, Education in Pakistan, Foreign Policy of Pakistan, Pakistan and the Muslim World, PAK301 Handouts pdf
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PAK301: Pakistan Studies
Pakistan’s ideology evolved through a process of evolution. Historical knowledge provided the basis; Allama Iqbal gave it a philosophical explanation; Quaid-i-Azam translated it into political reality; and the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, passing the Objectives Resolution in March 1949, imposed legal sanctions on us. It was because of the recognition of South Asian Muslims that they were different from Hindus who wanted separate voters. However, when they realized that their future in the ‘democratic country of Democratic India’ was not secure, they turned their demands into a separate state.
The emergence of ‘The two Nation Theory’
Two Nation Theory served as the basis for Pakistan’s need for Muslims in British India. There are two major ethnic groups in British India. Muslims are not a society but a nation with a different history, values, culture, civilization, and aspirations for the future.
The Muslims wanted to preserve and protect their unique identity and to advance their interests in India. They wanted to organize their lives according to their own ideas and philosophies of life without being overwhelmed by the unsympathetic majority. Initially, they sought protection, constitutional guarantees, and a strong integrated government program in the provinces to protect and enhance their values, identities, and interests. Later, they sought a different country in which neither the British nor the Hindu community was willing to give such guarantees and protection.
The Role of Jinnah
Jinnah played a vital role in furthering the Islamic cause and in pursuit of this he faced fierce opposition from Hindus and the British. He began his political career in 1906 by joining the Indian National Congress. He was elected to the Legislature in 1909 and in 1913 rejoined the All India Muslim League (AIML). He was now a member of both political parties. Controversial with Gandhi over the Saraj (independence) issue, complete independence for the British, and the use of unconstitutional methods, Jinnah resigned from Congress in 1920.