Table of Contents
ENG507: Phonetics and Phonology Notes (pdf)
The study focuses on the grammar of phonetic sounds in the form of phonetics and phonology. The phonetic component provides a detailed analysis and definition of speech sounds that strongly emphasize phonetic speaking. The phonology section explores the internal structure of simple and complex word structures. ENG507 Handouts pdf
ENG507 Handouts pdf
Course Category: ENG507 Handouts pdf
1. Introduction to the Course-I 2. Introduction to the Course-II 3. Introduction to Key Concepts in Phonetics and Phonology (P&P)-I 4. Introduction to Key Concepts in Phonetics and Phonology (P&P)-II 5. Articulatory Phonetics-II 6. Articulatory Phonetics-III 7. Phonemic and Phonetic Transcription-I 8. Phonemic and Phonetic Transcription-II 9. Phonemic and Phonetic Transcription-III 10. The Consonants of English-I 11. The Consonants of English-II 12. The Consonants of English-III 13. English Vowels-I 14. English Vowels-II 15. English Vowels-III 16. English Words and Sentences-I 17. English Words and Sentences-II 18. Airstream Mechanisms 19. Phonation 20. Voice Onset Time (VOT)
21. Consonantal Gestures-I 22. Consonantal Gestures-II 23. Acoustic Phonetics-I 24. Acoustic Phonetics-II 25. Acoustic Phonetics-III 26. Vowels and Vowel-Like Articulations-I 27. Vowels and Vowel-Like Articulations-II 28. Vowels and Vowel-Like Articulations-III 29. Suprasegmental Features-I 30. Suprasegmental Features-II 31. Suprasegmental Features-III 32. Linguistic Phonetics-I 33. Linguistic Phonetics-II 34. Linguistic Phonetics-III 35. Syllabic Templates and Syllabification 36. Using PRAAT-I 37. Using PRAAT-II 38. Using PRAAT-III 39. Using PRAAT-IV 40. Using PRAAT-V 41. Further Areas of Study in P&P [Future Research Areas] 42. The Pedagogy of Phonetics and Phonology ENG507 Handouts pdf
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ENG507: Phonetics and Phonology
Introduction to Vowels and Consonants
Human sounds are divided into two broad categories: consonants and vowels. You can break the sound of speech where at least the air is slightly trapped while the vowel is a sound where there is no disturbance and air passes through the hole freely. In addition, the consonant is categorized according to geographical and pronunciation patterns and the vowel is classified according to the location of the language, part of the language, and around the lips. Vowels are also distinguished by pure vowels (monophthongs) and diphthongs.
Introduction to Phonology
Phonology is the study of the sounds of a particular language (eg English). In phonology, it does matter whether the sounds are different or not, that is, whether substituting one sound for another gives a different meaning, or “opposite,” meaning. For example, in English, [r] and [l] are two different sounds – and the words “road” and “load” differ depending on which of these sounds are used. Similarly, phonologists describe different consonants and vowels in the sound system (language). They are also interested in the syllables, phrases, rhythm, tone, and pronunciation of a particular language.
Introduction to Phonetics
Phonetics, as a discipline, is the study of human speech sounds. It involves understanding how sounds are uttered using the mouth, nose, teeth, and tongue, and how the ears hear those sounds and can distinguish them. In phonetics, visual elements (such as the form of each sound wave) can also be analyzed with the help of computer programs (e.g., Praat). There are three main types of phonetics: speech phonetics, acoustics phonetics, and hearing phonetics.
Phonetics vs. Phonology
Phonetics and phonology, both are important subdivisions of languages that deal with the sounds of dynamic speech. But the big difference is that phonology is the study of how sounds are arranged in each language. Focuses on the order of sounds by learning speech patterns (e.g., phonics rules within a particular language). Keywords to describe the phonology ‘distribution’ and ‘pattern’ related to speech. Phone experts can look at questions such as – why is there a difference in the number of cats and dogs; the first ends with the sound ‘s’, while the last ends with ‘z’. Phonetics, on the other hand, is a study of the actual process of making a sound.
Phonetics is derived from the Greek word ‘phone’ which means sound or voice. It covers the background of speech production and its transmission and reception. The sounds we make when we speak are processed by different phonetic components such as acoustic phonetics, hearing phonetics, and speech phonetics.