EDU601: Philosophy of Education Handouts (PDF)
Philosophy is a systematic study of common and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, thinking, knowledge, values, intellect, and language. An educational philosophy is a statement (or set of statements) that identifies and clarifies the beliefs, values and understanding of an individual or group about education. EDU601 Handouts pdf
EDU601 Handouts pdf
Course Category: Humanities Distribution EDU601 Handouts pdf
Introduction to philosophies of Education, Idealism & Plato, Plato’s Philosophy of Education, Plato’s Educational Impact, Emanuel Kant’s Philosophy, Emanuel Kant’s Philosophy & Realism, Aristotle’s Philosophy, Rousseau’s Philosophy, Mortimer Adler’s Philosophy, Mortimer Adler’s Philosophy & Pragmatism, John Dewey’s Philosophy, John Dewey’s Philosophy & Existentialism, Karl Jaspers Philosophy, Karl Jaspers Philosophy & Perennialism, Allan Bloom’s Philosophy, Allan Bloom’s Philosophy & Essentialism, William Bagley’s Philosophy, William Bagley’s Philosophy & Progressivism, Jean Piaget’s Philosophy, Maria Montessori’s Philosophy, Democratic Education, Classical Education, Home Schooling, Unschooling. EDU601 Handouts pdf
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EDU601: Philosophy of Education
Philosophy is a combination of the two Greek words ‘Philo’ meaning love and ‘Sophia’ meaning wisdom. Therefore, the love of wisdom means philosophy. The most general definition of philosophy is that it is the pursuit of truth, wisdom, and knowledge
The study of educational philosophy and its problems… its main theme is education, and its methods are those of philosophy. Education philosophy is a branch of practical or practical philosophy related to the environment and educational objectives and philosophical issues arising from educational theory and practice. Because the practice is so prevalent in human societies and societies, its social and individual manifestations vary greatly, and its influence is very profound, the subject broadens, including ethical issues and social/political philosophy, epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy, psychology, and language, and other areas of philosophy.
Branches of Philosophy:
There are three main branches of philosophy,
- Metaphysics: a final state-of-the-art study. For example, does God exist? What is the truth? What is permanent?
- Epistemology: a study of knowledge. For example, what should be taught? Why should it be taught? Who should teach?
- Axiology: a study of values. Social, political, and aesthetic values
Philosophy says there is a need for diversity in the Pluralistic Society. Thus, different philosophical approaches took place in society. There are universal philosophies (Metaphysical philosophies)
- Idealism: Idealists are people who follow the belief that Ideas are the only real reality.
- Truth: Facts believe that truth exists outside the human mind.
- Pragmatism: Pragmatists believe that the reality is that the experience is logical and changeable.
- Existentialism: Existentialists believe that truth exists within people. There is no definition of a foreign world unless its meaning is built within people.
- The ‘Utilitarian scholars’ were made as Christ-like martyrs. (The Utilitarian philosophy of education refers to the idea that education should be purposeful and helpful.)
- Treated as a ‘Paradigmatic person’ by German philosopher Karl Jaspers. (Existentialism is a school of thought/philosophy followed by Karl Jaspers who believed that the world is within man. Unless people do not understand the inner world there is no connection with the outside world.)
- The culture of self-centeredness and self-initiated care by Socrates fascinated Michel Foucault. (Michel Foucault, a French philosopher; was strongly influenced by Socrates’ philosophy of initiative and self-consciousness.)