EDU201: Learning Theories Handouts (PDF)
Learning is the process of acquiring new understandings, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, attitudes, and preferences. Learning is a relatively continuous change in behavior that is the result of experience. EDU201 Handouts pdf
EDU201 Handouts pdf
Course Category: Humanities Distribution EDU201 Handouts pdf
Introduction to Learning, Theory and Learning Theory, Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Piaget’s Stages of Development, Constructivism, Socio-Cultural Theory, Schema Theory of Learning, Information Processing Theory, Situated Cognition, Situated Cognition, Maslow’s Need Hierarchy, Maslow’s Need Hierarchy, Learning Styles, Fleming VAK VARK Model, Kolb Model, Kolb Learning Styles, Discovery Learning, Adolescent Brain, Authentic Learning, Authentic Tasks, Transformational Learning, Collaborative and Cooperative,
Collaborative Learning, Problem Based Learning, Bloom’s Taxonomy, Gagne’s Theory, Nine Instructional Events, Differentiated Learning, Assessment in Learning, Assessment for Learning, Theory of Multiple Intelligence, Teacher talk, Comparing Theories. EDU201 Handouts pdf
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EDU201: Learning Theories
Learning theory describes the conditions and processes under which learning occurs and provides teachers with models for designing learning experiences that lead to better learning. This theory describes the processes by which people participate in understanding information and how information is incorporated into mental models to become new knowledge. Learning theory also examines what motivates people to learn and the circumstances that encourage or hinder learning.
There are five basic learning theories: cognitivism, behaviorism, constructivism, humanism, and connectivism. Additional learning theories include transformation, socialization, and experience.
Behaviorism is based largely on the work of John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. Behaviorists were interested in establishing psychology as a science and focused their research on empirically observable behaviors, such as behaviors that could be measured and tested, rather than internal states such as emotions. According to behaviorists, learning depends on the interaction of a person with the external environment. As people experience the consequences of their interactions with their environment, they change their behavior in response to those consequences.
Cognitivism, or cognitive psychology, was developed in the mid-20th century by scientists such as George Miller, Ulric Neisser, and Noam Chomsky. Behaviorists focus on the external environment and observed behavior, whereas cognitive psychologists are interested in mental processes. They argue that behavior and learning involve more than simply responding to environmental stimuli and that the learning process requires rational thinking and active participation.
Constructivism asserts that people create knowledge and meaning through interactions with the world. Like cognitivism, unlike behaviorism, constructivism recognizes the role of prior knowledge in learning and believes in interpreting what people experience in terms of what they already know. Piaget discusses the concepts of assimilation, coordination, and disequilibrium to describe how people generate knowledge. In his early work as a biologist, Piaget noticed how organisms adapt to their environment in order to survive. Thanks to this adaptation, the body has reached equilibrium.
Schema Theory of Learning
The schematic theory states that all knowledge is made up of units. These knowledge units or schemas store information. Thus, a schema is a generalized description or conceptual system for understanding how knowledge is expressed and how it is used. According to this theory, schematics represent knowledge of concepts. The relationship of an object to another object, a situation, an event, a sequence of events, an action, a sequence of actions. EDU201 Handouts PDF download