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BT731 FINAL TERM SOLVED PAPERS
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Modern Biotechnology: Principles & Applications:
Monosaccharides are also called simple sugars, have the suffix -use, and are classified as aldoses or ketoses depending on whether they contain an aldehyde or ketone group. The most common monosaccharides are either pentoses (containing a chain of five carbon atoms) or hexoses (containing a chain of six carbon atoms).
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BT731 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS:
Each carbon atom carries a hydroxyl group, except for the atom that forms the carbonyl group, which is also known as a reducing group. Monosaccharides are assigned optical configurations with respect to their comparison the asymmetric carbon atom with the highest number to the configuration of D-glyceraldehyde or L- glyceraldehyde.
BT731 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS BY MOAAZ:
The most important types of oligosaccharides found in foods are disaccharides that form condensation (ie water is eliminated) of two monosaccharide units to form a glycosidic bond. A glycosidic bond is a bond between the hemiacetal group of a saccharide and the hydroxyl group of another compound, which may or may not itself be a carbohydrate.
BT731 FINAL TERM SOLVED PAPERS:
By convention, the carbon atoms in a monosaccharide molecule are numbered so that the reducing group bears the lowest possible number; so in aldoses, the carbon of the reducing group is always numbered 1 and in ketoses, the numbering is starting from the end of the carbon chain closest to the reducing group.