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BT605 MIDTERM SOLVED PAPERS
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Bioethics, Biosafety, And Biosecurity:
Monosaccharides also called simple sugars, have the suffix -ose and are classified as aldoses or ketoses depending on whether they contain an aldehyde or ketone group. The most common monosaccharides are either pentoses (containing a chain of five carbon atoms) or hexoses (containing a chain of six carbon atoms). Each carbon atom carries a hydroxyl group, except for the atom that forms the carbonyl group, which is also known as a reducing group.
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BT605 MIDTERM PAST PAPERS:
Monosaccharides are assigned optical configurations with respect to their comparison of the asymmetric carbon atom with the highest number to the configuration of D-glyceraldehyde or L-glyceraldehyde.
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By convention, the carbon atoms in a molecule are monosaccharides numbered so that the reducing group bears the lowest possible number; so in aldoses, the carbon of the reducing group is always numbered 1 and in ketoses, the numbering is starting from the end of the carbon chain closest to the reducing group.
BT605 MIDTERM SOLVED PAPERS:
Most naturally the occurring monosaccharides belong to the D-series, i.e. their carbon has the highest number of similar optical configurations to D-glyceraldehyde. Oligosaccharides contain 2–10 sugar units and are water-soluble.