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BT401 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS MEGA FILES
Past Papers(Solved): BT401 – GENETIC RESOURCES AND CONSERVATION
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BT401: GENETIC RESOURCES AND CONSERVATION
Genetic resources (GRs) refer to genes of real or potential value. Genetic material is any plant, animal, microbial, or another source that contains active genetic units. Examples include plant, animal, or microbial properties, such as medicinal plants, agricultural plants, and animal species.
Plant Genetic Resources:
The genetic resources of field plants include plant species and their wild relatives, varieties, genders, and genetic diversity between species. Plant genetics are stored in different plant parts; seeds and tissues. The genetic material of plants is used by farmers and scientists as a raw material for breeding new species and for biotechnology and is an ingredient in a variety of genes that serve as a protection against environmental and economic change. BT401 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS MEGA FILES
Animal genetic Resources:
The term animal genetics resources (AnGR) is used to refer to all species, species, and species that have an economic, scientific, and cultural interest in humanity in relation to current and future agricultural food and production. Another similar name is most commonly used in farm animal genetic material. There are more than 40 species of domesticated (or slightly domesticated) animals over the last 10 to 12 thousand years that are influential directly (by animal products for food and fiber) and indirectly (by activities and products such as energy, manure, transportation, thrift store, etc.)
Common breeds include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, horses, and buffalo, but many other pets such as camels. , donkeys, elephants, deer, rabbits, etc. are important in the various cultures and regions of the world. BT401 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS MEGA FILES
Diversity of food and agricultural genetics (i.e. plants/plants, animals, aquatic resources, forests, micro-organisms, and invertebrates) plays an important role in meeting the basic human and nutritional needs. It is important to maintain and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of production systems, as well as to participate in sustainable food and ecosystem services, such as pest and disease control. BT401 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS MEGA FILES
1) Races of the World:
“Old-fashioned cultivars are often cultivated by farmers for generations. The races of the world even respond — to the choice of the great harvest, but to a certain extent. Since the nations of the world have significant challenges, their preservation is vital. The main disadvantages of the world’s races are that they are different and have less yield. The stalks of the earth have been harvested from maize, sorghum, pearl millet, and many other crops. BT401 FINAL TERM PAST PAPERS MEGA FILES
2) Expired Plants:
Advanced varieties of the past are known as outdated cultivars. These varieties were once popular and have now been replaced by new varieties. These varieties have a few desirable traits and form an important part of the gene.
PGRFA and Food Security:
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have access to physical and economic access to adequate, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and the food they need to live an active and healthy life. The four pillars of food security are availability, sustainability of supply, access, and utilization.7 The PGRFA sector has many roles to play in helping to ensure food security, for example: producing more and better food for rural and urban consumers; providing healthy and nutritious food, and improving access to finance and rural development.
However, there is a need for more recognition of the many roles and potential contributions of PGRFA and the strengthening of communication between all relevant institutions responsible for food security at the international, regional, national, and local levels.